Who is Pablo Escobar?
Pablo Escobar, dubbed “King of Cocaine,” was a notorious Colombian drug lord. He was regarded as the most heinous, powerful, and wealthy criminal in the history of cocaine distribution. He formed the ‘Medellin Cartel’ with the help of other criminals in order to ship cocaine to the American market.
During the 1970s and 1980s, Pablo Escobar and the ‘Medellin Cartel’ had a near-monopoly on the cocaine smuggling business in the United States, shipping over 80% of all cocaine smuggled into the country. By the early 1990s, he had amassed billions of dollars. His net worth was estimated to be $30 billion.
When money buried in various parts of Colombia is factored in, the earnings total around $100 billion. In 1989, Forbes listed him as the world’s seventh wealthiest person. With his newfound wealth, he lived a lavish lifestyle. His opulent empire included 400 luxury mansions around the world, private planes, and a private zoo with exotic animals. He also had his own army of soldiers and experienced criminals at his disposal. He was known for sponsoring soccer clubs and charity projects, despite his vast empire being built on murders and crimes.
Pablo Escobar was a Colombian drug lord who, until his death, had his wife, daughter, and son implicated in the notorious Medellin Cartel because of his ruthless ambition.
Pablo Escobar Bio/ Wiki
|Birth Name||Раblо Еmіlіо Еѕсоbаr Gаvіrіа|
|Nick Name||Раblо Еѕсоbаr|
|Sun Sign/Zodiac Sign||Not Known|
|Birth Place||Rіоnеgrо, Соlоmbіa|
|Date of Birth||1 Dесеmbеr 1949|
|Dаtе оf Dеаth||2 Dесеmbеr 1993|
|Home Town||Not Known|
|Mother’s Name||Hemilda Gaviria|
|Father’s Name||Abel De Jesús Dari Escobar|
Marital Status, Wife and Children
|Wife/Spouse||Маrіа Vісtоrіа Неnао (m. 1976–1993)|
|Marriage Date||Not Known|
|Children||Маnuеlа Еѕсоbаr, Ѕеbаѕtіán Маrrоquín|
|Educational Qualification||Not Known|
|Profession||Соlоmbіаn drug lоrd|
|Brands Endorsed||Not Known|
|Career Manager||Not Known|
Height, Weight, and Figure Measurements
|Height (Approx.)||in centimeters-1.67 cm
in meters: 1.67 m
in feet inches: 5’4”
|Weight (Approx.)||in kilograms-75 kg
in pounds: 165 lbs
Extra Ordinary Features
|Race / Ethnicity||Not Known|
|Dress Size||Not Known|
|Favorite Food||Not Known|
|Favorite Actors||Not Known|
|Favorite Colors||Not Known|
|Favorite Sport||Not Known|
Family, Education, and Other Concerns
Pablo Escobar was born in Rionegro, Colombia’s Antioquia Department, on December 1, 1949. He was the third of seven children born to farmer Abel de Jesus Dari Escobar Echeverri and his elementary school teacher wife Hilda de Los Dolores Gaviria Berrio. Escobar, who was raised in the nearby city of Medellin, is said to have started his criminal career as a teenager by stealing gravestones and sanding them down for resale to local smugglers.
Roberto Escobar, his brother, denies this, claiming instead that the gravestones were obtained from cemetery owners whose clients had stopped paying for site maintenance and that he had a relative who worked in the monuments industry. Sebastian Marroquin claims that his father’s criminal career began with a successful practice of selling counterfeit high school diplomas, most notably those issued by Medellin’s Universidad Autonoma Latinoamericana. Escobar attended the university for a short time but dropped out without receiving a diploma.
He eventually became involved in a variety of criminal activities with Oscar Benel Aguirre, including petty street scams, the sale of contraband cigarettes, the fabrication of lottery tickets, and the theft of automobiles. Prior to entering the drug business, Escobar worked as a thief and bodyguard in the early 1970s, allegedly earning $100,000 by kidnapping and holding a Medellin executive for ransom. He began working for Alvaro Prieto, a Medellin-based contraband smuggler, in order to realize a childhood ambition of having a COL of $1 million by the age of 22. When he was 26, he was known to have a bank deposit of more than US$3 million.
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Pablo Escobar Net Worth 2022/2023
Аѕ оf 2022, Раblо Еѕсоbаr’ѕ nеt wоrth wаѕ еѕtіmаtеd tо bе $30 bіllіоn. Моѕt оf thіѕ money саmе frоm thе ѕаlе оf сосаіnе.
|Estimated Net Worth in 2022 (Approx)||$30 bіllіоn|
|Estimated Net Worth in 2021 (Approx)||Under Review|
|Annual Salary||Under Review|
|Income Source||Соlоmbіаn drug lоrd|
t rероrtеd thаt еdеlln аrtеl used to bring in around $70 million in cash every day because they could distribute around 15 tons of cocaine in a single day. nеаrlу 80% оf аll сосаnе оld оut оn thе wоrld wаs соntrоlеd bу еdеlln аrtеl.
His Power at Its Peak
Escobar was one of the most powerful men in the world by the mid-1980s, and Forbes magazine ranked him seventh richest. His empire included a private zoo, mansions, and apartments throughout Colombia, private airstrips and planes for drug transportation, and personal wealth estimated to be in the neighborhood of $24 billion. Escobar has the power to order the assassination of anyone, anywhere, at any time.
He was a brilliant criminal who realized that if the people of Medelln loved him, he would be safer. As a result, he lavished millions on parks, schools, stadiums, churches, and even housing for Medelln’s poorest residents. His strategy worked: Escobar was well-liked by the general public, who saw him as a successful local boy who was giving back to his community.
Wife, Daughter/Children, and Son
Escobar married Maria Victoria Henao, a 15-year-old girl, in 1976. The couple had two children: Juan Pablo, a son, and Manuela, a daughter. Today, Escobar’s son, Sebastian Marroquin, works as a motivational speaker. Marroquin studied architecture and wrote Pablo Escobar: My Father, a memoir about growing up with the world’s most notorious drug lord, in 2015. He also claims that his father killed himself.
In an interview with Agence France-Presse, Marroquin said,
“My father is not a person to be imitated.” “He showed us the path that we must never take as a society because it leads to self-destruction, a loss of values, and a place where life is no longer valuable.”
Murders & Crimes
- ‘The Accountant’s Story: Inside the Violent World of the Medelln Cartel,’ is a book about the violent world of the Medelln Cartel. Roberto Escobar discussed how Pablo Escobar, a seemingly ordinary and poor middle-class man, rose to become one of the world’s wealthiest men.
- As Pablo Escobar’s accountant, Roberto Escobar used to keep track of all of his earnings. When the ‘Medellin Cartel’ was at its peak, smuggling 15 tons of cocaine per day worth over half a billion dollars into the United States, Pablo, and his brother spent $1000 per week on rubber bands to wrap the cash bundles. Every year, about 10% of the money stored in their warehouses is lost due to rat spoilage.
- Pablo began his drug-dealing career in the 1970s and established his cocaine operation in 1975. He used to fly a plane between Colombia and Panama to smuggle drugs into the United States.
- He and his men were arrested in 1975 after returning from Ecuador with a heavy load to Medellin. They were found with 39 pounds of white paste in their possession. After failing to bribe the judges in his case, he killed the two arresting officers, resulting in the case being dismissed. Soon after, he began bribing or killing officials as a means of dealing with them.
- He used to smuggle cocaine into planes using old tires, and a pilot would be paid $500,000 per flight. Later, as demand in the United States grew, he arranged for more shipments as well as alternative routes and networks, including California and South Florida.
- Norman’s Clay, in the Bahamas, was developed in collaboration with Carlos Lehder as the new island trans-shipment point. Between 1978 and 1982, this location was the Medellin Cartel’s main smuggling route.
- He paid several million dollars for 7.7 square miles of land, which includes his ‘Hacienda Napoles’ estate.
- He was at the height of his power in the mid-1980s, smuggling about 11 tons of cocaine per flight to the United States. Pablo Escobar allegedly used two remote-controlled submarines to smuggle cocaine, according to Roberto Escobar.
- In 1982, he was elected as an alternate member to the Colombian Chamber of Representatives by the ‘Colombian Liberal Party.’ He officially represented the Colombian government at Felipe Gonzalez’s inauguration in Spain.
- Escobar was also accused of supporting the left-wing guerrillas known as the “19th April Movement” (M-19), who stormed the Colombian Supreme Court in 1985. At a time when the court was considering Colombia’s extradition treaty with the United States, many of the judges on the court were murdered, and files and papers were destroyed. The treaty would have given the country the ability to extradite drug lords to the US for prosecution.
- He became famous all over the world as his network grew and gained notoriety. By that time, the ‘Medellin Cartel’ had taken control of a significant portion of the drug trade in the United States, Spain, Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Venezuela, Puerto Rico, and other European and American countries. There were also rumors that his network had reached Asia.
‘Plata o plomo’ was his strategy for dealing with the Colombian system, which included intimidation and corruption. It meant either accept money or face ‘bullets,’ despite the fact that it literally meant’silver or leads’ in his dictionary. Hundreds of state officials, civilians, and police officers were killed, and politicians, judges, and government officials were bribed.
- By 1989, his ‘Medellin Cartel’ had a monopoly on 80 percent of the global cocaine market. He was widely assumed to be the main financial backer of the Colombian football team ‘Medelln’s Atlético Nacional.’ He was also credited with the creation of multi-sports courts, football fields, and the support of a children’s football team.
- Despite the fact that he was an enemy of the Colombian government and the United States, he was successful in fostering goodwill among the poor. He was instrumental in the construction of schools, churches, and hospitals in western Colombia, as well as donating funds to poor housing projects. He was well-liked in the local Roman Catholic Church, and Medellin residents frequently assisted and protected him, even hiding him from authorities.
- His empire grew so large that other drug smugglers agreed to give him 20 percent to 35 percent of their profits in exchange for the safe delivery of their cocaine to the United States.
- He was accused of assassinating Colombian presidential candidate Luis Carlos Galan in 1989. He was also charged with the bombings of Bogota’s ‘DAS Building’ and Avianca Flight 203.
- The Cesar Gavitis-led administration took action against Luis Carlos Galan after his murder. The government convinced him to surrender in exchange for a reduced sentence and preferential treatment while incarcerated.
- He surrendered to the Colombian government in 1991 and was held in La Catedral, which had been converted into a private, opulent prison. Before he surrendered, the newly approved Colombian Constitution made it illegal to extradite Colombian citizens suspected of being influenced by Escobar and other drug cartels.
- After discovering that Escobar was operating his criminal activities from La Catedral, the government attempted to transfer him to a more traditional prison in July 1992. However, due to his clout, he was made aware of such a scheme and was able to flee in time.
- In 1992, the US ‘Joint Special Operations Command’ and ‘Centra Spike’ began a joint hunt for him. They trained ‘Search Bloc,’ a special Colombian task force for this purpose.
- Coordination between the ‘Search Bloc,’ Colombian and US intelligence agencies, and ‘Los Pepes’ via intelligence sharing in order for ‘Los Pepes’ to bring down Escobar and his few remaining allies.
Death and Enduring Legacy
Colombian security forces discovered Escobar hiding in a home in a middle-class neighborhood of Medelln on December 2, 1993, using US technology. The Search Bloc moved in, triangulated his location, and tried to apprehend him. Escobar, on the other hand, fought back, and a shootout ensued. Escobar was shot and killed while attempting to flee from the rooftop. Despite being shot in the torso and leg, Escobar’s fatal wound passed through his ear, leading many to believe he killed himself. Others believe the bullet was fired by a Colombian police officer.
With Escobar gone, the Medelln Cartel succumbed to its rival, the Cali Cartel, which ruled until the Colombian government shut it down in the mid-1990s. The poor of Medelln still remember Escobar as a benefactor. Many books, movies, and television shows have been made about him, including “Narcos” and “Escobar: Paradise Lost.” Many people are still fascinated by the master criminal who once controlled one of the world’s largest drug cartels.